Premiership Rugby will not release non-English players for World Cup camps next year unless World Rugby changes its “false and unfair” insurance rules.
The clubs are objecting to certain restrictions over payouts if players are injured on international duty.
As it stands England-based Scotland and Wales players will be unable to join their national squads until mid-August.
“All we are asking for is the same sort of system that exists in football,” said Premiership boss Mark McCafferty.
“If we release players for international duty and they are injured on international duty, then the international game should bear the liability for that.
“We have made that position very clear to World Rugby,” he told BBC 5 live.
£225,000 and 12-month limit
World Rugby Regulation 9 means clubs are only obliged to release players in mid-August. The World Cup runs from 20 September to 2 November.
However, most international sides will have training camps throughout the summer before warm-up matches in August. Wales have a training camp in Switzerland in July.
“We will let the players go of course to the World Cup in accordance to Regulation 9, but we are not going to go beyond Regulation 9 if we are being mistreated in the system generally,” McCafferty said.
Current World Rugby regulations mean clubs are compensated a maximum of £225,000 if a player is injured on international duty, even if his salary exceeds that amount, while the insurance only covers a 12-month period.
McCafferty says the clubs are prepared to be flexible with player release, but only if these restrictions are lifted.
The insurance policies of both the British and Irish Lions and the Barbarians covers the club for the full amount of liability if a player is injured.
“There are limits [World Rugby] put either on the salary of the player [£225,000] – and there are a lot of players above that salary – or the term of the injury [12 months],” McCafferty said.
“Those kind of limitations, we think, are false and unfair.
“If a player is earning X, then that is his cost to the club, or if he is off for longer than a year, then the liability should be covered. That is what exists in football, that’s what the Lions cover for us when the players are away on a Lions tour, it’s what the Barbarians do as well.
“So we don’t understand why there should be any difference in terms of World Rugby.
“We could be flexible, but the limitations have to be lifted, because it is not reasonable for a club to have to pick up that kind of cost liability when a player has been injured on international duty. There is no logic in that.”
Wales and Northampton fly-half Dan Biggar, who would be among the players affected if the situation is not resolved, told BBC Wales Sport: “Hopefully a bit of common sense will prevail and obviously I want to be involved in everything that’s on the schedule.”